Anyone can. But they're more likely when you:

Are a woman.
Have had UTIs before.
Have a condition that affects your bladder's nerves (including diabetes, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, and spinal cord injuries).
Have been through menopause.
Are overweight.
Have something that blocks the passage of urine, such as a tumour, kidney stone, or an enlarged prostate.
Use a diaphragm or spermicide for birth control.
Have a catheter, a tube placed into the bladder to drain urine from the bladder into a bag outside the body.
Are a man who has sex with men, has HIV, or hasn’t been circumcised.

Most of these traits also raise the odds that a simple bladder infection may become a more serious kidney infection or turn into sepsis (an infection that has gotten into your bloodstream). For pregnant women, a kidney infection can lead to delivering a baby too early.

Did this answer your question?